Modern architecture, is the style of the 21st century. Modern architects work in very different ways from the postmodernism style of architecture to tremendously meaningful shapes and designs which are similar to sculptures on a high scale. The different styles and approaches have a common modern construction technique, like tube organization (allows construction that is tall, strong, and light) the use of new methods of the computer-aided proposal which allows the building to be planned and designed on software in 3-d and construction becomes more accurate.
Modern architecture differs widely in its characteristic features like facades made of aluminum or glass, asymmetric forms, cantilevered sections. Though, the most significant buildings and monuments of modern style were found in the united states and western Europe. Many important new structures have been built in Russia, China, Arab states of the Persian Gulf. The tallest building in the world in 2019 is the Burj khalifa after that shanghai tower stands on position 2 . the formation of numerous organizations and conventional architecture begins in the 21st century. Basically, all the small landmarks of modern architecture are works of a small cluster of architects who work on a global scale. Many of the architects have already renowned in the late 20th century including frank Gehry, norman foster, Renzo piano, although after world war 2 a new creation in the history of architecture was born including Zaha Hadid, Santiago Calatrava, Shigeru ban.
one of the most outstanding works of modern architecture is art museums, which are common examples of sculptural architecture and are outstanding works of many architects.
The De Young Museum in San Francisco was designed by the Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron. It was opened for the public in 2005, restoring a huge old structure that was badly injured in an earthquake in 1989. The new structure was designed to mix the scenery of the park, and mainly to stand still in strong earthquakes.
The Zentrum Paul Klee by Renzo Piano is an art museum that blends up with the green space by enchanting the silhouette of three increasing and declining hills, made up of steel and glass. One building has the gallery while the extra two “hills” hold an education hub and secretarial offices.
Santiago Calatrava designed the Auditorio de Tenerife the concert hall of Tenerife, the major metropolis of the Canary Islands. It is designed in such a way that the shell-like division case touches the ground at only 2 points.
The Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles (2003) is one of the major works by architect Frank O Gehry. The façade is made up of stainless steel while the interior is planned out in vineyard style, with the audience facing the stage.
The Casa da Musica in Porto, Portugal, by the architect Rem Koolhaas (2005) is restricted among all the performance halls as having two walls made completely of glass.
The first skyscraper was constructed in Chicago in 1890 and used mainly an American method in the 20th century. But from the starting of the 21st century, skyscrapers started building in almost every big city of the continent. A new construction technology, use of framed tube configuration were started in the united states in 1963 by a structural engineer fazlur rahman khan of skimore, which allowed construction of high rise buildings which made use of less interior walls, more window space.
Burj khalifa’s construction started in the year 2004 and was completed in 5 years i.e. in 2009. Basically it is made up of reinforced concrete and was designed by Adrian Smith, Owings and Merril (SOM). After the demolition of twin towers of WTC by terrorist attacks on sept. 11, a new trade center was planned by David children of SOM.
In London, 30 st mary ax is one of the most famous buildings commonly known as “ The Gherkin”, was designed by norman foster in 2004. The gherkin is made up of steel and includes a glass façade, giving it the bright look of an elongated Russian easter egg.
Daniel Libeskind is well known for his writings and architecture. He started the deconstructivism movement. Also much recognized for his museums and residential apartments in Singapore in 2011. The construction of the building is modern, uplifted like the bridge cables to the peak
One of the joyful constituents of contemporary residential buildings is the color of the façade as well as interiors. Bernard Tschumi used painted ceramic tiles on facades and different shapes to make his buildings stand out. One of the examples is the Blue Condominium in New York City (2007).
Surprisingly, few modern churches were constructed between 2000 to 2017. The brand new cathedral in California was designed in the postmodern style by Rafael Moneo.
The Northern Lights church, by Schmidt, Hammer, and Lassen, is located in Alta, Norway.
The Vrindavan Chandrodaya Mandir is a Hindu place of worship in Vrindavan, in Uttar Pradesh state in India, which was under construction at the end of 2016. The main entrance of the temple is in the conservative Nagara style of Indian architecture, though the overlook is modern, with a glass facade up to the 70th floor. It was planned for achievement in 2019. When it will be finished, at 700 feet (213 meters or 70 floors) it will be considered as the tallest religious building in the worldwide.
Allianz arena in Germany (2005) was planned by the Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. It has a seating capacity of 75000 people. The building is covered/ wrapped in 2,874 ETFE-foil air sheets that are kept overstated with dry air; each sheet separately reflects back red, white, or blue. When reflected, the stadium is perceptible from the Austrian Alps, fifty miles (80 kilometers) away.